44                               NUMISMATIC CHRONICL

cut the hair when on a voyage, and one liable to induce shipwreck. Julius Caesar seems to have been sensitive on the subject of hair. Suetonius says of him (Jul. Caes., 45. 4), " Calvitii vero deformitatem iniquissime ferre," and tells us that he was in the habit of bringing his hair forward from the back, so as to cover the bald patch, while "of all the honours decreed to him by the Senate and the people, there was none that he received more willingly than the right of constantly wearing a laurel wreath." False hair (“crines empti:” Ov., Ars Am., iii. 165) was in common use both by men and women (“Nec. pudor est emisse palam”). The Emperor Otho, who had but little hair, is said to have worn a wig so well made as to defy detection (“Galericulo capiti propter raritatem capillorum adaptato et annexo, ut nemo dignosceret :” Suet., Otho, xii.), though I hardly think that an examination of his coins will justify this flattery. Illust. V.

Then, as now, fair hair appears to have been especially admired in Rome, the blond hair of the Germans being popular (Mart., Ep., V, 68; xii. 23, etc.).

Tertullian, in his day, accuses the women (De Cultu Feminarum, ch. vi.) of dyeing their hair a saffron colour, as if in regret that God had not made them natives of Gaul or Germany. But in spite of the denunications of theologians, Christian women yielded to the wiles of the hair‑dresser; for in such a woman's tomb in Rome a chestnut wig has been found in modern times (see Boldetti, Sopra i Cimiteri, p. 297).

Statues of the later Imperial times are occasionally found invested with moveable wigs. One such of Plautilla, wife of Caracalla, with the hair in black marble, is Preserved in the Louvre (Clarac. Manuel de